Best Practices: PHP

Date Published: October 9th, 2022

Last Updated: October 9th, 2022 at 5:21 pm

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Introduction

When it comes to programming, there is no one “right” way to do things. However, there are often best practices that can help you write clean, maintainable, and efficient code. This article covers some of the best practices for PHP development.

PHP is a popular scripting language that is widely used for web development. It is relatively easy to learn, and there are many online resources available to help you get started.

One of the great things about PHP is that it is very versatile and can be used for a wide variety of tasks. However, this can also be a downside, as it can be easy to write “spaghetti code” that is difficult to read and maintain.

It is important to keep your code clean and organized, and to follow some basic best practices. Doing so will make your life easier in the long run, and will make it easier for others to work with your code.

PHP

Best Practices for PHP

Use consistent coding conventions

When working on a project with multiple developers, it is important to use consistent coding conventions. This will make your code more readable and easier to maintain.

There are many different style guides available, such as the PSR-2 standard from the PHP Framework Interop Group. It is important to choose a style guide and stick to it.

Use comments liberally

Comments are an important part of any codebase, and PHP is no exception. When writing code, be sure to add comments liberally. This will help others understand your code, and will make it easier to maintain in the future.

Use meaningful variable and function names

When naming variables and functions, be sure to use meaningful names. This will make your code more readable and easier to understand. For example, use a name like “get_customer_name” instead of “x”.

Use an IDE or text editor with syntax highlighting

Using an IDE or text editor with syntax highlighting will make your life much easier. Syntax highlighting will help you spot errors in your code more easily, and will make your code more readable.

Use a templating engine

When building web applications, it is often helpful to use a templating engine. This will help you keep your code clean and organized, and will make it easier to reuse code.

Use a modern PHP version

PHP is constantly evolving, and new versions are released regularly. It is important to keep up with the latest version, as it will often provide improvements and new features.

Use third-party libraries sparingly

While third-party libraries can be helpful, it is important to use them sparingly. This is because they can often introduce complexity and dependencies into your codebase.

Use version control

Version control is an important tool for any developer. It allows you to track changes to your code, and makes it easy to roll back changes if necessary.

Use a coding standard

When working on a project, it is important to use a coding standard. This will help you write consistent and clean code. There are many different coding standards available, such as the PSR-2 standard from the PHP Framework Interop Group.

Use automated testing

Automated testing is a great way to ensure that your code is working as expected. It can also help you find bugs more easily.

Use a dependency manager

When working with PHP, it is often helpful to use a dependency manager. This will help you keep track of the libraries and dependencies that your project uses.

Use a code review tool

A code review tool can help you find bugs and improve the quality of your code. It can also help you enforce coding standards.

Conclusion

These are just a few of the best practices that you should follow when working with PHP. By following these guidelines, you can write cleaner and more maintainable code.

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Author

Artur Burkalo

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